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REGULATING CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION IN THE US

Regulating Crude Oil Production in the US

Study Released March 23, 2017

Commodity Report - Crude Oil - February 2017

In the United States, extraction of oil and gas is generally regulated by the individual states through statutes and common law. Federal and constitutional law apply as well. The environmental regulations are enforced by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The EPA is entrusted with protecting human health and natural environment – air, water, and land. The EPA works with other federal agencies, state and local governments, and Indigenous tribes to develop and enforce regulations under existing environmental laws. The EPA, which is responsible for researching and setting national standards for a variety of federal environmental programs, delegates the responsibilities for issuing permits and monitoring and enforcing compliance to states and tribes. Where national standards are not met, the EPA can issue sanctions and take other steps to assist the states and tribes in reaching the desired levels of environmental quality. Programs not delegated to the states are managed through the EPA's regional offices..... Download full report.

February 2017